C. V. Raman
- Latest Update: January 12, 2021 1:19 pm
Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman was an Indian physicist who made groundbreaking works in the sphere of light scattering. With his pupil K. S. Krishnan, he found that when light traverses a transparent material, some of the deflected light change wavelength and amplitude. This phenomenon was a new sort of scattering of light and was then called the Raman effect (Raman scattering). Raman won the 1930 Nobel Prize in Physics and was the first Asian man for a Nobel Prize in any branch of mathematics.
Biography, Relationship & Career
Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman, Famous Indian Physicist was created in Tamil Nadu. He was quite sharp in studies and finished his High school when he was only eleven. He passed his Intermediate examination with a scholarship at age 13 and later joined Presidency College, Madras where his father was a lecturer of Mathematics and Physics. In 1907, he received a Master of Science degree in Physics and has been awarded the highest distinction. He was passionate about mathematics and utilize to read his father’s books in his spare time.
C. V. Raman would like to keep his work in Physics but on account of the family’s financial standing he was persuaded to provide the civil service examination and for 10 years he worked at the Finance Department at Calcutta, rising quite fast to a senior position. Meanwhile, while his job was going, he completed his work in mathematics at the Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science to do additional research into the physics of stringed instruments and drums.
He was able to perform experiments in IACS when taking out time from his hectic job as a civil servant and published his findings in highly recognized international journals such as”Nature”, “The Philosophical Magazine” and”Physics review”.
He was really keen on showing the puzzle that water, which appears to be colorless liquid, appears blue into the eyes. He started his study on the dispersion of light that eventually lead him to what we know now as the”Raman Effect” among his great discoveries.
He was also awarded Bharat Ratna, India’s highest civilian award for his impeccable contribution to the area of Science.
C. V. Raman expired on 21-11-1970 at the age of 82 at Bengaluru, Karnataka, India. He died from natural causes after a few days of his birthday. He dropped down in his laboratory and was carried to the hospital. Doctors declared he had only 4 days to live. He wanted to die in the gardens by his blossoms of his Institute.
He had been born to R. Chandrasekhar Iyer and Parvathi Ammal. He had a brother called Chandrasekhara Subrahmanya Ayyar. He was married to Lokasundari Ammal and they had two sons named Venkatraman Radhakrishnan (Scientist), and Chandrasekhar Raman. He had a nephew called Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar (Mathematician).
Shocking / Interesting Facts & Secrets About
- Sir C. V Raman was only 14 years old when he began attending his B.A Class in Presidency College.
- C.V. Raman was the first Asian and first non-White to obtain any Nobel Prize in the sciences.
- In 1932, Raman and Suri Bhagavantam found the quantum photon spin. This discovery further proved that the quantum character of light.
- After the independence of India, he was picked as the first federal professor of India.